Thursday, November 10
The Opening of the Conference
Olga Zdravomyslova, Thomas Blanton (USA), Mariluise Beck (Germany), Dmitry Trenin
Was the political reform inevitable in the mid-1980s?
What were the alternatives to Perestroika?
Assessing the instruments of democratization: glasnost, elections, enhancing the involvement of civil society?
How did various socio-political forces show their commitment in the process of political reforms: the CPSU, intelligentsia, civil rights champions and dissidents, other social strata, including the working class (industrial action), the national movements in the union republics?
Economy (from a Planned Economy to a Market Economy)
Why not the Chinese model?
Why did the economic reform skid to a halt in 1989?Assessing the proposed economic reforms: "The Abalkin Plan", "500Days", "Pavlov's Anti-Crisis Plan"?
The New Thinking
What were the visions of the European and world future within the framework of the concept of new thinking?
What were the factors that facilitated the elimination of the threat of a nuclear war between the USSR and the USA? What was the role played by the confidence factor?
Why unprecedented success of regional conflicts settlement in 1989-1991 was not repeated in the relations between the USSR and the USA after the collapse of the USSR?
How did the peaceful termination of the Cold War in Europe determine the subsequent development of the international system?
The New Thinking (Session continued)
Friday, November 11
What was the response of society to the launching of perestroika?
What were changes within Soviet society that determined the need for perestroika and made society ready for reforms?
Glasnost and freedom of speech: intentions and results, their use for constructive and destructive purposes?
What was the role played by the concept of the rule-of-law state and of human rights during the years of perestroika? From an upheaval of social militancy to the frustration and apathy in the 1990s: how and why it happened?
The Echo of the USSR's Collapse
How the topic of the USSR's collapse is being used in the political and ideological debates in the past 20 years?
How has the comprehension of the causes of the Cold War affected present-day politics?
What are we facing now: a mono-polar world, a multi-polar world or chaos?
A democratic confederative Union of Sovereign States within the united Europe - is this an illusion or a missed opportunity?
Book launch: Russian translation of "Superpower Illusions" by Jack F. Matlock («Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenia», Moscow, 2011)