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Several defendants during the proceedings at the historic Condor trial in Buenos Aires. Among the 25 high-ranking officials originally charged were former Argentine presidents Jorge Videla (deceased) and Reynaldo Bignone (aged 87).
(Reproduced with permission of Telam)
 

Operation Condor Verdict: GUILTY!

Argentine Federal Court Concludes 3-Year Trial on Multinational Repression

National Security Archive Provided Declassified Evidence; Hails Historic Ruling

 

Posted May 27, 2016
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 551
Edited by Carlos Osorio and Peter Kornbluh
For more information, call or email: 202.994.7000 or nsarchiv@gwu.edu


The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability
By Peter Kornbluh, New Press (September 11, 2013)

 


The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents
By John Dinges, The New Press (August 1, 2012)

 

IN THE NEWS

El rol de EE.UU. en el proceso del Cóndor
Por Elena Llorente, Pagina Doce, May 23, 2016.

Dos testigos declararon por la causa del Plan Cóndor en Roma: Carlos Osorio y Daoiz Uriarte.
Nadia Angelucci, La Diaria, May 23, 2016.

Osorio: “hubo un trasiego de prisioneros”Audio)
Radio Nacional Uruguay, May 19, 2016

Documentos de EEUU dan pruebas de 30 uruguayos desaparecidos
Espectador, May 19, 2016.

Investigador da pruebas documentales sobre el Plan Cóndor en Tribunal de Roma
La vanguardia, May 19, 2016

Director del prestigioso Proyecto Documentación Cono Sur del Archivo de Seguridad Nacional en Washington, habló en el juicio en Buenos Aires. 
Por Alejandra Dandan, Pagina 12, May 3, 2015

Día Nacional de la Memoria por la Verdad y la Justicia 
Embassy of Argentina, March 24, 2015

Carlos Osorio, compartió su experiencia 
Pagina 12 
, March 24, 2015

Carlos Osorio, quien desde hace catorce años estudia los informes desclasificados 
Por Alejandra Dandan, Pagina 12, September 3, 2014

Una justicia que trasciende las fronteras
Por Alejandra Dandan, March, 6 2013

El Tribunal Oral Federal 1 debe evaluar las pruebas presentadas por la fiscalía 
Por Alejandra Dandan, Pagina 12, March 28, 2011

William & Mary National Security Archive Project
December 17, 2010

Declaró el analista... Carlos Osorio 
Por Sonia Tessa, Pagina 12, March 28, 2009

Southern Cone Analyst Carlos Osorio in Wikileaks


Watch Archive analyst Carlos Osorio’s testimony at the trial where he provided hundreds of declassified documents as evidence.
Osorio Testimony 3/6/2015 Part 1
Osorio Testimony 3/6/2015 Part 2
Osorio Testimony 3/6/2015 Part 3
Osorio Testimony 3/7/2015 Part 1
Osorio Testimony 3/7/2015 Part 2

RELATED POSTINGS

OPERATION CONDOR: National Security Archive Presents Trove of Declassified Documentation in Historic Trial in Argentina
May 6, 2015

National Security Archive's Carlos Osorio Honored for Human Rights Work in Argentina
March 26, 2015

STOLEN BABIES: Argentina Convicts Two Military Dictators
July 5, 2012

Kissinger Blocked Demarche on International Assassinations to Condor States
April 10, 2010

Southern Cone Rendition Program: Peru's Participation 
February 22, 2008

Rendition in the Southern Cone: Operation Condor Documents Revealed from Paraguayan "Archive of Terror"
December 21, 2007

Operación Cóndor en el Archivo del Terror 
December 21, 2007

Localizar y Detener al Dr. Goiburú 
December 21, 2007

On 30th Anniversary of Argentine Coup: New Declassified Details on Repression and U.S. Support for Military Dictatorship 
March 23, 2006

Washington D.C., May 27, 2016 - As a federal tribunal in Buenos Aires announced guilty verdicts in the historic prosecution of eighteen Argentine military officers for participating in the coordinated, cross-border system of repression known as “Operation Condor,” the National Security Archive today hailed the ruling as a “major milestone for the principle of human rights and the pursuit of accountability for human rights violators.” 

“Some 40 years after many of the Condor crimes were committed,” according to the Archive’s Southern Cone analyst Carlos Osorio, who testified at the trial and provided hundreds of declassified documents as evidence, “the victims and the human rights organizations that have represented them have finally found justice.”

“Plan Condor,” as the Argentine ruling refers to the operations, represented a sinister collaboration between the secret police services of the Southern Cone military dictatorships dedicated to tracking down, kidnapping, torturing and disappearing opponents of their regimes between 1975 and 1980. Operation Condor was founded during a secret, November 1975, meeting hosted by Gen. Augusto Pinochet’s secret police, DINA, in Santiago, Chile; it was named after Chile’s national bird, the Andean Condor.

A declassified FBI document that the Archive provided to prosecutors for the trial stated that “a third and most secret phase of ‘Operation Condor’ involves the formation of special teams from member countries who are to travel anywhere in the world to non-member countries to carry out sanctions up to assassination….” The car-bomb murder of former Chilean diplomat Orlando Letelier and his American colleague, Ronni Karpen Moffitt, in downtown Washington D.C. on September 21, 1976, became the most infamous of Condor assassination plots.

Prosecutors identified 169 victims of Condor operations in Argentina, among them 36 Argentines, 9 Bolivians, 20 Chileans, 2 Cubans, 11 Paraguayans, 1 Peruvian, 83 Uruguayans and 9 individuals of unknown nationality. Eighteen former military and intelligence officers were accused, including the last head of the military junta, Gen. Reynaldo Bignogne. Six of those accused died during the course of the 3-year trial, among them the first head of the Argentine Junta, Gen. Rafael Videla.

Besides Osorio, Archive Senior Analyst and author of The Pinochet File, Peter Kornbluh, testified at the Condor trial, along with Archive advisory board member John Dinges, author of The Condor Years.  Osorio supplied the court with 900 declassified records, many of which provided critical evidence for the proceedings. In final arguments presented to the judges, prosecutors cited the Archive's documents some 150 times.

“In the case of the Condor proceedings it was possible to include thousands of documents from different sources as evidence,“ noted the lead prosecutor, Pablo Ouvina. “We had permanent contact with the National Security Archive.”

The Archive today posted a series of declassified U.S. documents that were used in the trial and that tell the story of Operation Condor, what U.S. officials knew, when they knew it, and what they did and did not do with that knowledge.


Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Argentine military dictator Rafael Videla 
(reproduced with permission of Pagina 12)


READ THE DOCUMENTS

 

National Security Archive
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The George Washington University
2130 H Street, NW
Washington, D.C., 20037
Phone: 202/994-7000
Fax: 202/994/7005
nsarchiv@gwu.edu

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