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Head of the Argentine Military Junta, General Rafael Videla, in 1977.

 

OPERATION CONDOR: Officials of Amnesty International Targeted for 'Liquidation'

Repression in Argentina: Obama Administration Declassifies Top Secret Intelligence Files

New Documents Shed Light on OPERATION CONDOR, planned missions in Europe

 
Posted December 14, 2016
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 572
Edited by Carlos Osorio and Peter Kornbluh

For further information, contact:
Carlos Osorio: cosorio@gwu.edu
Peter Kornbluh: peter.kornbluh@gmail.com

RELATED LINKS

‘Declassified Diplomacy’: Argentina
August 11, 2016

Operation Condor Verdict: Guilty!
May 27, 2016

Obama Declassification Holds Promise of Uncovering New Evidence on Argentina's Dirty War
March 23, 2016

Obama Brings 'Declassified Diplomacy' To Argentina
March 18, 2016

Operation Condor: National Security Archive Presents Trove of Declassified Documentation in Historic Trial in Argentina
May 6, 2015

National Security Archive's Carlos Osorio Honored for Human Rights Work in Argentina
March 26, 2015

Operation Condor on Trial
March 8, 2013

Kissinger Blocked Demarche on International Assassinations to Condor States
April 10, 2010

Jacobo Timerman hizo Tambalear a la Dictadura Argentina
December 3, 2009

Southern Cone Rendition Program: Peru's Participation
February 22, 2008

On 30th Anniversary of Argentine Coup
March 23, 2006

Kissinger to Argentines on Dirty War: "The Quicker You Succeed the Better"
December 4, 2003

State Department Opens Files on Argentina's Dirty War
August 20, 2002

 

IN THE NEWS

Perfil
Archivos secretos de EE.UU.: el Batallón 601 planeó seguir operando en plena democracia
December 18, 2016

Buenos Aires Herald
Declassified US files shine new light on Argentina’s darkest days
December 16, 2016

Pagina Doce
Amnistía en la mira del Plan Cóndor
December 13, 2016

El Pais
Nuevos documentos revelan que EEUU conocía la preparación del golpe en Argentina en 1976
December 13, 2016

Telesur
New Operation Condor Files Show Terror, Torture in Argentina
December 12, 2016

Radio Francia Internacional
EE.UU. desclasifica nuevos archivos sobre el Plan Cóndor [Audio]
December 12, 2016

Buenos Aires Herald
You have to comb through the documents to find the gold nuggets
August 10, 2016

El País
EE UU conocía las ejecuciones en la Argentina de Videla
August 9, 2016

Washington Post
Newly declassified papers reveal U.S. tensions regarding Argentina’s Dirty War
August 8, 2016

McClatchyDC
Newly public U.S. documents detail struggle over Argentina’s ‘Dirty War’
August  8, 2016

La Jornada 
EU emite documentos desclasificados sobre dictadura argentina
August 8, 2016

 

Washington D.C., December 14, 2016 - Operation Condor, the trans-border, multinational effort by Southern Cone secret police services to track down and “liquidate” opponents of their regimes in the 1970s, targeted officials of Amnesty International as well as other human rights groups, and planned overseas missions in Paris and London, according to a comprehensive CIA report on Condor operations just released by the Obama administration. “The basic mission of Condor teams to be sent overseas,” according to the CIA, was “to liquidate top-level terrorist leaders. Non-terrorists also were reportedly candidates for assassination,” the CIA reported in May 1977, and “some leaders of Amnesty Internation[al] were mentioned as targets.”

ARGENTINA DECLASSIFICATION PROJECT

Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Documents Release [Tranche II]:
December 12, 2016

Documents Release [Tranche I]:
 
August 8, 2016


The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability
By Peter Kornbluh, New Press (September 11, 2013)

 


The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents
By John Dinges, The New Press (August 1, 2012)

The secret CIA report is included among more than 500 pages of documents on repression during the military dictatorship in Argentina declassified by the Obama administration this week as part of a commitment made by the president in March 2016 when he visited Buenos Aires on the 40th anniversary of the military coup. “I believe we have a responsibility to confront the past with honesty and transparency,” Obama stated then.

The CIA’s sources inside Condor reported that “a training course was held in Buenos Aires for the team heading overseas,” and that “Condor leaders were considering the dispatch of a team to London—disguised as businessmen—to monitor ‘suspicious’ activities in Europe.” According to the CIA, “Another proposal under study included the collection of material on the membership, location, and political activities of human rights groups in order to identify and expose their socialist and Marxist connections. Similar data reportedly are to be collected on church and third-world groups.”

The National Security Archive today publishes a sample of six documents that attest to the richness of the information contained in intelligence records and the extraordinary openness of the reviewers to contributing to the clarification of the history of human rights violations in Argentina. The records are part of a second tranche of intelligence and presidential records posted on the website of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The administration posted an initial set of documents on Argentina, drawn from the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library, on August 8, 2016.  As more records are processed for declassification, several more releases are planned for 2017, after Obama leaves office.
“With the release of this revealing documentation, President Obama has advanced the cause of human rights in Argentina and elsewhere,” said Carlos Osorio, who directs the Southern Cone documentation project at the National Security Archive and has actively supported the administration’s special declassification project. “This gesture of declassification diplomacy,” Osorio noted, “will be part of the legacy of Obama’s presidency.”

In another TOP SECRET/EXDIS/CODEWORD Condor document declassified this week and posted today, the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research reported that “six Southern Cone nations," all “participants in a counterterrorist network codenamed ‘Condor’,” have agreed “to undertake the liquidation of Latin American” targets “living in France.”

Also in today’s posting, an unusually emotional NSC memorandum summarizes the torture of Alfredo Bravo, the president of Argentina’s Permanent Assembly for Human Rights. President Carter’s national security advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski, the recipient of the document, wrote in the margin: “a compelling, powerful report.”


READ THE DOCUMENTS

 

 

 

National Security Archive
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The George Washington University
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Phone: 202/994-7000
Fax: 202/994/7005
nsarchiv@gwu.edu

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