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General Jorge Rafael Videla, head of the Argentine Military Junta.

 

Trump Continues U.S. Declassified Diplomacy with Argentina

Operation Condor Considered Expanding into United States and Europe, New Records Show

U.S. Embassy Reportedly Tried to Block Reports from Its Own Human Rights Officer

 
Posted April 27, 2017
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 588
Edited by Carlos Osorio

For further information, contact Carlos Osorio: cosorio@gwu.edu

RELATED LINKS

Operation Condor: Condemned to Life!
January 17, 2017

OPERATION CONDOR: Officials of Amnesty International Targeted for ‘Liquidation’
December 14, 2016

‘Declassified Diplomacy’: Argentina
August 11, 2016

Operation Condor Verdict : GUILTY!
May 27, 2016

Obama Declassification Holds Promise of Uncovering New Evidence on Argentina's Dirty War
March 23, 2016

Obama Brings 'Declassified Diplomacy' To Argentina
March 18, 2016

OPERATION CONDOR: National Security Archive Presents Trove of Declassified Documentation in Historic Trial in Argentina
May 6, 2015

National Security Archive's Carlos Osorio Honored for Human Rights Work in Argentina
March 26, 2015

Operation Condor on Trial
March 8, 2013

STOLEN BABIES: Argentina Convicts Two Military Dictators
July 5, 2012

Kissinger Blocked Demarche on International Assassinations to Condor States
April 10, 2010

Jacobo Timerman hizo Tambalear a la Dictadura Argentina
December 3, 2009

Southern Cone Rendition Program: Peru's Participation
February 22, 2008

Rendition in the Southern Cone: Operation Condor Documents Revealed from Paraguayan "Archive of Terror"
December 21, 2007

Operación Cóndor en el Archivo del Terror
December 21, 2007

Localizar y Detener al Dr. Goiburú
December 21, 2007

On 30th Anniversary of Argentine Coup: New Declassified Details on Repression and U.S. Support for Military Dictatorship
March 23, 2006

Kissinger to Argentines on Dirty War: "The Quicker You Succeed the Better"
December 4, 2003

State Department Opens Files on Argentina's Dirty War
August 20, 2002

 

IN THE NEWS

La Jornada
Revelan más documentos secretos sobre ‘Operación Cóndor’
April 27, 2017

Perfil
Trump entregó a Macri los nuevos archivos desclasificados de la Dictadura
April 27, 2017

Los Angeles Times
Trump gives 'dirty war' records to Argentina's leader
April 27, 2017

The Washington Post
Agustín Edwards Eastman, Chilean publisher who backed Pinochet, dies at 89
April 27, 2017

O Globo
Operação Condor tentou atuar na Europa
January 16, 2017

Perfil
Archivos secretos de EE.UU.: el Batallón 601 planeó seguir operando en plena democracia
December 18, 2016

Buenos Aires Herald
Declassified US files shine new light on Argentina’s darkest days
December 16, 2016

Pagina Doce
Amnistía en la mira del Plan Cóndor
December 13, 2016

El Pais
Nuevos documentos revelan que EEUU conocía la preparación del golpe en Argentina en 1976
December 13, 2016

Telesur
New Operation Condor Files Show Terror, Torture in Argentina
December 12, 2016

Radio Francia Internacional
EE.UU. desclasifica nuevos archivos sobre el Plan Cóndor [Audio]
December 12, 2016

Buenos Aires Herald
You have to comb through the documents to find the gold nuggets
August 10, 2016

El País
EE UU conocía las ejecuciones en la Argentina de Videla
August 9, 2016

Washington Post
Newly declassified papers reveal U.S. tensions regarding Argentina’s Dirty War
August 8, 2016

McClatchyDC
Newly public U.S. documents detail struggle over Argentina’s ‘Dirty War’
August  8, 2016

La Jornada 
EU emite documentos desclasificados sobre dictadura argentina
August 8, 2016

 

ARGENTINA DECLASSIFICATION PROJECT

Documents Release [Tranche III]:
Department of State re-Review, April 27, 2017

FRUS documents, April 27, 2017

Documents Release [Tranche II]:
Office of the Director of National Intelligence, December 12, 2016

Documents Release [Tranche I]:
Office of the Director of National Intelligence, August 8, 2016

 

OFFICIAL COMMUNIQUÉS

White House
Joint Statement from President Donald J. Trump and President Mauricio Macri
April 27, 2017

Casa Rosada
Declaración conjunta tras la reunión de los presidentes Macri y Trump
April 27, 2017

Cancilleria Argentina
Declaración Conjunta del Presidente Donald J. Trump y el Presidente Mauricio Macri 27 de abril de 2017
April 27, 2017

U.S. Department of State
Department of State Releases: Documents
April 27, 2017

U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence: IC on The Record
Argentina Declassification Project
April 27, 2017

U.S. Department of State blog: DIPNOTE
Declassified Documents About Human Rights Abuses During Military Dictatorship in Argentina Released
April 27, 2017

Washington D.C., April 27, 2017 – The infamous Southern Cone collaboration known as “Operation Condor” considered establishing “field offices” in the United States and Europe, and Condor members Argentina, Uruguay and Chile were “known to have followed through on plans for West European operations,” according to a declassified report from the Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), posted today by the National Security Archive.  The report describes Operation Condor as a trans-border, multinational effort by Southern Cone secret police services to track down and “liquidate” opponents of their regimes in the 1970s.

The highly classified “Secret/Exdis” report is among 931 Department of State records released today by the Trump administration and handed over to Argentine President Mauricio Macri during his visit to Washington today. The release marks the third “tranche” of declassified records provided to Argentina as part of a commitment made by President Obama to release intelligence documents on human rights abuses under the Argentine military dictatorship in the 1970s and 1980s.

During a trip to Buenos Aires that coincided with the 40th anniversary of the military coup on 24 March 2016, President Obama announced that the U.S. would begin an 18-month project to review and declassify pertinent intelligence records on the coup and repression that followed. In August and December 2016, the Obama administration turned over hundreds of documents to the Macri government.

The release today by the Trump administration includes a re-review of 857 documents previously withheld in part or in full from a release carried out by the Department of State in 2002, and 119 high-level documents selected for inclusion from two chapters of a forthcoming Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS)volume on South America, 1977‒1980. (FRUS is the official State Department documentary record of U.S. foreign policy.)  The two previous releases were posted at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence “IC on The Record” site. The National Security Archive has reproduced the August 2016 release here, and the December 2016 release here

“This release is another positive act of declassified diplomacy that began with Obama and is continuing under the Trump administration,” said Carlos Osorio, who directs the Southern Cone documentation project at the National Security Archive and has actively assisted the special Argentina declassification project.  Osorio also applauded the ongoing efforts by the U.S. officials in charge of the declassification effort to release as much detailed information as possible. “Historical accountability continues to play an important role in current US foreign relations.”

The numerous records in today’s release provide a trove of information for human rights advocates and foreign policy historians. They include files on the Carter Administration’s effort to prop up dictator Rafael Videla in 1977 against a more hard-line Navy chief, Emilio Massera, because Videla was supposedly open to the nuclear “Treaty of Tlatelolco and human rights.” The documents also cover the efforts of the U.S. Buenos Aires embassy human rights officer, Tex Harris, to break the censorship by Embassy superiors of his rich and unfiltered reporting to Washington; and describe how Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights Patricia Derian fought to include graphic descriptions of torture in the State Department’s first annual human rights report on Argentina in 1980.

The dramatic revelations in this release include new information on the fate of disappeared militants from that era of repression in the Southern Cone, including the execution of the head of the Montoneros, Ruben De Gregorio, an Argentine citizen.  One 1978 cable states that “After interrogation by GOU authorities at the Fusileros Navales facility in Montevideo, De Gregorio was quietly turned over to Argentine authorities in keeping with close cooperation between GOU and GOA security forces.” De Gregorio was handed to the Argentine Navy Mechanics School ESMA clandestine detention center operatives and never seen again.

The final and largest tranche of declassified documents from the Argentina Project is expected to include records of 14 intelligence agencies, among them the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). The final release is expected to take place before the end of 2017.

The National Security Archive today posted a sampling of seven documents from the latest release that provide further U.S. intelligence on human rights violations in Argentina and descriptions of U.S. policy decisions as the issue of human rights became a more substantive priority in U.S. foreign relations with Latin America and the world.


READ THE DOCUMENTS

 

 

 

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