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Overview

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Staff and Fellows

Editorial Policy

Conflict of Interest Policy

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IRS Tax Exemption Letter

National Security Archive Staff and Fellows

MANAGEMENT

Thomas S. Blanton

Thomas S. Blanton

Thomas S. Blanton is Director of the National Security Archive at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. The Archive won U.S. journalism's George Polk Award in April 2000 for "piercing self-serving veils of government secrecy, guiding journalists in search for the truth, and informing us all." The Los Angeles Times (16 January 2001) described the Archive as "the world's largest nongovernmental library of declassified documents." Blanton served as the Archive's first Director of Planning & Research beginning in 1986, became Deputy Director in 1989, and Executive Director in 1992. He filed his first Freedom of Information Act request in 1976 as a weekly newspaper reporter in Minnesota; and among many hundreds subsequently, he filed the FOIA request and subsequent lawsuit (with Public Citizen Litigation Group) that forced the release of Oliver North's Iran-contra diaries in 1990.

His books include White House E-Mail: The Top Secret Computer Messages the Reagan-Bush White House Tried to Destroy (New York: The New Press, 1995, 254 pp. + computer disk), which The New York Times described as "a stream of insights into past American policy, spiced with depictions of White House officials in poses they would never adopt for a formal portrait." He co-authored The Chronology (New York: Warner Books, 1987, 687 pp.) on the Iran-contra affair, and served as a contributing author to three editions of the ACLU's authoritative guide, Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws, and to the Brookings Institution study Atomic Audit: The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Since 1940 (Washington, D.C.: Brookings, 1998, 680 pp.). His latest book, Masterpieces of History: The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Europe, 1989, co-authored with Svetlana Savranskaya and Vladislav Zubok, won the Arthur S. Link-Warren F. Kuehl Prize for Documentary Editing of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations. His articles have appeared in The International Herald-Tribune, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Boston Globe, Slate, the Wilson Quarterly, and many other publications.

A graduate of Harvard University, where he was an editor of the independent university daily newspaper The Harvard Crimson, he won Harvard's 1979 Newcomen Prize in history. He also received the 1996 American Library Association James Madison Award Citation for "defending the public's right to know." He is a founding editorial board member of freedominfo.org, the virtual network of international freedom of information advocates; and serves on the editorial board of H-DIPLO, the diplomatic history electronic bulletin board, among other professional activities.



Malcolm Byrne

Malcolm Byrne

Malcolm Byrne, Deputy Director and Director of Research, has worked at the Archive since 1986, and since 1990 has supervised the research process of identifying and obtaining documentation for the Archive's collections. He currently directs the Openness in Russia and Eastern Europe Project, and the U.S.-Iran Relations Project, both of which promote multinational and multi-archival approaches to the study of recent, controversial historical events. Previously, he served as co-director of the Iran-contra documentation project, and coordinated the Archive's project on U.S.-Soviet relations during the Cold War.

His latest book is Iran-Contra: Reagan's Scandal and the Unchecked Abuse of Presidential Power (Kansas, 2014). His other books include The Chronology (Warner Books, 1987), The Iran-Contra Scandal: The Declassified History (The New Press, 1993), The 1956 Hungarian Revolution: A History in Documents (CEU Press, 2002), and the award-winning Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran (Syracuse, 2004). He is editor of "The National Security Archive Cold War Reader" series through CEU Press and co-editor of the Archive's microfiche publication series through ProQuest. His articles and book reviews have been published in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, The Christian Science Monitor, Columbia Journalism Review, Dissent, the Journal of Cold War Studies, Iranian Studies, Middle East Report, the Cold War International History Project Bulletin, and other publications, and he has appeared frequently on national television and radio broadcasts. He has also lectured on various subjects at a number of universities.

In 2006, he was a History and Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Prior to joining the Archive, he was Assistant Editor for News Systems at The Washington Post, and an editor of Soviet/East European Report. He is a graduate of Tufts University and earned his M.A. in Soviet studies and economics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. In 1977, he taught English language and literature at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland.



SENIOR ANALYSTS

Joyce Battle

Joyce Battle



Joyce Battle is Director of Publications and Senior Analyst for the Archive's projects on South Asia and the Middle East.

She received her B.A. from the University of Michigan in Anthropology and Near Eastern Language and Literature, an M.S. in Library Studies from Columbia University, and an M.A. in Near Eastern Regional Studies from Harvard University.

She directed the Archive's project on Iraq and edited the set Iraqgate: Saddam Hussein, U.S. Policy, and the Prelude to the Persian Gulf War, 1980-1994. Currently, she is working on a document collection on U.S. policy toward South Asia and South Asian nuclear issues.



Dr. William Burr

Dr. William Burr



Dr. William Burr, Senior Analyst, directs the Archive's nuclear history documentation project. He edited two of the Archive's document collections: The Berlin Crisis, 1958-1962 and U.S. Nuclear History: Nuclear Arms and Politics in the Missile Age, 1955-1968.

He received his Ph.D. in history from Northern Illinois University, was formerly a visiting assistant professor at Washington College, and has taught at the Catholic University of America, George Mason and American universities. In 1998 The New Press published his critically-acclaimed document reader, The Kissinger Transcripts: The Top-Secret Talks with Beijing & Moscow. His review and articles have appeared in Diplomatic History, the Cold War International History Project Bulletin, International Security and Cold War History, among others. He was a contributor to Stephen I. Schwartz, ed., Atomic Audit: The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Programs Since 1940 (The Brookings Institution, 1998).

During 1996-98 he served on the editorial board of Diplomatic History. He is currently a member of the Council of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations (SHAFR). He previously served as Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Coordinator for the Archive.



Kate Doyle

Kate Doyle



Kate Doyle is a Senior Analyst of U.S. policy in Latin America at the National Security Archive. She directs several major research projects, including the Guatemala Project, which collects declassified U.S. and Guatemalan government documents on the countries' shared history from 1954, and the Evidence Project, connecting the right to truth and access to information with human rights and justice struggles in Latin America.

Since 1992, Doyle has worked with Latin American human rights groups, truth commissions, prosecutors and judges to obtain government files from secret archives that shed light on state violence. She has testified as an expert witness in numerous human rights legal proceedings, including the 2008 trial of former President Alberto Fujimori of Peru for his role in overseeing military death squads; the case before the Spanish National Court on the 1989 assassination of the Jesuit priests in El Salvador; and the 2010 trial of two former policemen in Guatemala for the forced disappearance of labor leader Edgar Fernando García in 1984.

Doyle edited and published two of the National Security Archive's major document collections:Death Squads, Guerrilla War, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954-1999 and El Salvador: War, Peace and Human Rights 1980-1994; together, the collections contain more than 5,000 declassified records for use by scholars, journalists and researchers. She has written dozens of reports, book chapters, articles, and blogs in Spanish-language and U.S. media. Recently her work was featured in the award-winning documentary Granito: How to Nail a Dictator, by Pamela Yates and Paco de Onís, which narrates her role in the collective effort to indict former Guatemalan dictator Efraín Ríos Montt for genocide and crimes against humanity. In 2012, Doyle was awarded the ALBA/Puffin Foundation prize for Human Rights Activism, which she shared with Fredy Peccerelli of the Forensic Anthropology Foundation of Guatemala.

Doyle has an MA in International Affairs from Columbia University. She lives in New York City with her husband, Tim Weiner, and their two daughters.



Peter Kornbluh

Peter Kornbluh



Peter Kornbluh, Senior Analyst, has worked at the Archive since April 1986. He currently directs the Archive's Cuba and Chile Documentation Projects. He was co-director of the Iran-contra documentation project and director of the Archive's project on U.S. policy toward Nicaragua. From 1990-1999, he taught at Columbia University, as an adjunct assistant professor of international and public affairs.

His most recent book is Back Channel to Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana (UNC Press, 2014). He is the author/editor/co-editor of a number of Archive books: the Archive's first two documents readers: The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 and The Iran-Contra Scandal: The Declassified History, both published by the New Press, and Bay of Pigs Declassified: The Secret CIA Report on the Invasion of Cuba (The New Press, 1998). On the 30th anniversary of the Chilean military coup in September 2003 he published The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability, which the Los Angeles Times selected as a "best book" of the year. The Pinochet File has been translated into Spanish and published in Barcelona as Pinochet: Los Archivos Secretos. A smaller book on the United States and the overthrow of the government of Salvador Allende has been published in Chile under the title: Los EEUU y el Derrocamiento de Allende.

His articles have been published in Foreign Policy, The New York Review of Books, the New Yorker, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, and many other journals and newspapers. He has appeared on national television and radio broadcasts, among them "60 Minutes," "The Charlie Rose show," "Nightline," CNN, All Things Considered, and "FreshAir" with Terri Gross. He has also worked on, and appeared in, numerous documentary films, including the Oscar winning "Panama Deception," the History Channel's "Bay of Pigs Declassified," and "The Trials of Henry Kissinger." In November 2003, he served as producing consultant on the Discovery Times documentary, "Kennedy and Castro: The Secret History," which was based on his article in Cigar Aficionado, "Kennedy and Castro: The Secret Quest for Accommodation." He is currently a weekly columnist for the Chilean newspaper, Diario Siete.

ANALYSTS

Michael L. Evans

Michael L. Evans



Michael L. Evans is a senior analyst, director of the Archive's Colombia Project, and interim director of the Mexico Project. Evans is editor of Colombia and the United States: Political Violence, Narcotics, and Human Rights, 1948-2010, a primary source collection of more than 3,000 declassified documents on political violence and U.S. policy in Colombia.

Evans is the author of numerous Archive Electronic Briefing Books on U.S.-Colombia relations, including The Chiquita Papers, a massive collection of the company's own internal memos documenting its illegal payoffs to Colombian guerrilla and paramilitary groups. Evans is a frequent columnist for Semana.com, the online publication of Colombia's leading news magazine, Semana. His work has been cited by The New York Times, USA Today, Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post and virtually every major Colombian periodical.

He has appeared on television and radio broadcasts in the U.S. and Colombia, including National Public Radio, the BBC World Service, Counterspin, and Pacifica Radio's "Democracy Now!" Evans was also featured in "Falsos Positivos," a 2009 documentary on the Colombian Army's extrajudicial execution scandal.

He joined the Archive in 1996 and previously worked as a Research Associate on the Nuclear History, China, U.S. Intelligence, Low-Intensity Conflict, and Guatemala projects.



Carlos Osorio

Carlos Osorio



Carlos Osorio is Information Systems Manager, Analyst and Director of the Southern Cone Documentation Project. In 2002, Carlos published several Electronic Briefing Books on state terrorism and U.S. policy in Argentina and Uruguay. He produced a CD-ROM containing the Department of State's entire Argentina Declassification collection along with annotated selections of documents to judges, lawyers and human rights groups.

Between 2000 and 2002 he served as advisor to the Supreme Court of Paraguay and the Catholic University of Asunción in support of the "Centro de Documentación y Archivo para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos" (a.k.a. "Archivo del Terror"--"Archive of Terror") of the Memory, Democracy and Human Rights Project. The project catalogued 60,000 documents and microfilmed and digitized some 300,000 documents from the secret police files of Paraguay's former dictator, Alfredo Stroessner. Carlos also worked with the Panama Truth Commission to gather documents on deaths and disappearances in the early 1970's.

Previously, Mr. Osorio worked on the Archive's Guatemala History and Accountability Project, which produced documentary and analytical support to the United Nations Historical Clarification Commission in Guatemala. He coordinated the military research and declassification of U.S. files that were the source of the Archive's Guatemala Military Database, which he designed and constructed himself. He has delivered papers and made presentations at various U.S. and Latin American forums on the use of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act and U.S. declassified documents to clarify human rights abuses and the structure of repressive military apparatuses.

As Information Systems Manager, he supervised the transition of the Archive's computer systems to a Windows network and conducted the migration of the Archive's network to fiber optic. He is currently engaged in the Archive's digitalization process.



SENIOR FELLOWS

Dr. John Prados

Dr. John Prados



John Prados heads the Archive’s Intelligence Documentation and Vietnam Projects, assists on other subjects, and is a Senior Fellow on national security affairs, including foreign affairs, intelligence, and military matters. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science (International Relations) from Columbia University and has authored many books, most recently Storm Over Leyte: The Philippine Invasion and the Destruction of the Japanese Navy (NAL/Caliber). Other recent works include Operation Vulture: America’s Dien Bien Phu (e-book), The US Special Forces: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford University Press); The Family Jewels: The CIA, Secrecy, and Presidential Power (University of Texas Press 2013, paperback 2014); A Streetcar Named Pleiku: Vietnam 1965 (e-book); Islands of Destiny: The Solomons Campaign and the Eclipse of the Rising Sun (NAL/Caliber, 2012, paperback 2013), and Vietnam: The History of an Unwinnable War (University Press of Kansas, 2009, paperback 2012), winner of the Henry Adams Prize in American History. Other books in print include Safe for Democracy: The Secret Wars of the CIA (Ivan R. Dee Publisher, 2006, paperback 2009); Normandy Crucible: The Decisive Battle That Shaped World War II in Europe (NAL/Caliber, 2011, paperback 2012), How the Cold War Ended: Debating and Doing History (Potomac, 2010, simultaneous hardcover and paperback) as well as In Country: Remembering the Vietnam War (Rowman & Littlefield, 2012). Prados is the author of nearly thirty books in all, along with many articles and papers.

His research centers on subjects including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Vietnam war, and analysis of international relations, plus diplomatic and military history more generally. Additional works include William Colby and the CIA: The Secret Wars of a Controversial Spymaster (UPKansas), The Hidden History of the Vietnam War and Presidents’ Secret Wars (Ivan Dee); Inside the Pentagon Papers (with Margaret Pratt Porter, Kansas); and Hoodwinked: The Documents that Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War (New Press, 2004).

Among his books, Unwinnable War, Keepers of the Keys (on the National Security Council) and Combined Fleet Decoded (on intelligence in the Pacific in World War II) were each nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. Combined Fleet Decoded was the winner of the annual book prize of the New York Military Affairs Symposium, and along with his book Valley of Decision: The Siege of Khe Sanh (with Ray W. Stubbe) was named a Notable Naval Book of the Year by the United States Naval Institute. His The Soviet Estimate was awarded the book prize of the Consortium for the Study of Intelligence. Prados’s papers appear in many other works. He is a contributing editor for MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, and was for a long time a contributing writer for The VVA Veteran, publication of the Vietnam Veterans of America. His articles have featured in Vanity Fair, Scientific American, Naval History, the Journal of American History,Diplomatic History, Intelligence and National Security, Naval Institute Proceedings, The Journal of National Security Law & Policy,The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, the Journal of East-West Studies,Survival, The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post, and The Boston Globe. His book reviews have appeared widely. Prados speaks on these and other issues in many fora. He can be reached at nsarchiv@gwu.edu, or on his website.

Dr. Jeffrey Richelson

Dr. Jeffrey T. Richelson



Dr. Jeffrey T. Richelson is a Senior Fellow with the Archive. He has directed Archive documentation projects on the organization and operations of the U.S. intelligence community U.S.-China relations, U.S. military space activities, and Presidential national security directives. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Rochester and has taught at the University of Texas and the American University. He is also the author of a number of electronic briefing books on intelligence and nuclear terrorism.

He is the author of The U.S. Intelligence Community (Boulder: Westview Press, 6th ed., 2011), Defusing Armageddon: Inside NEST, America's Secret Nuclear Bomb Squad (New York: W.W. Norton, 2009), Spying on the Bomb: American Nuclear Intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea (New York: W.W. Norton, 2006); The Wizards of Langley: Inside the CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology (Boulder: Westview, 2001), America's Space Sentinels: DSP Satellites and National Security (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1999), A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), and America's Secret Eyes in Space: The US KEYHOLE Spy Satellite Program (New York: Harper & Row, 1990). His articles have appeared in Scientific American, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, The International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, International Security, Intelligence and National Security, The Journal of Economic Theory, Public Choice, and other publications.

Dr. Svetlana Savranskaya

Dr. Svetlana Savranskaya



Dr. Svetlana Savranskaya is a Senior Research Fellow of the Archive and since 2001 the director of the Archive's Russia programs. She leads the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program of the Archive, focusing on the Nunn-Lugar initiative and the ongoing challenges of U.S.-Russia cooperation. Previously, she organized and led six summer schools, the successful Archive partnerships with Kuban State University, Tbilisi State University, the Gorbachev Foundation, Memorial, the Moscow Helsinki Group, and organizations in the Caucasus culminating in the series of four major international conferences on access to information in the former Soviet space (May 2009 Telavi, Georgia; September 2010 Aghveran, Armenia; July 2011 Tbilisi, Georgia; and April 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia). She won the Link-Kuehl Prize in 2011 from the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, for the best documentary publication over the previous two years, for her book (with Thomas Blanton and Vladislav Zubok) "Masterpieces of History": The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Europe 1989 (Budapest/New York: Central European University Press, 2010, 730 pp.). Her most recent book, with the late Sergo Mikoyan, is The Soviet Cuban Missile Crisis (Washington D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press/Stanford University Press, 2012, 589 pp.). She also serves as an adjunct professor teaching U.S.-Russian relations and modern Russian history at the American University School of International Service in Washington D.C. (since 2001). She earned her Ph.D. in political science and international affairs in 1998 from Emory University, where she studied with Professors Robert Pastor and Thomas Remington. A "Red Diploma" (equivalent of summa cum laude) graduate of the Moscow State University in 1988, she went on to study at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1989-90, before moving to Emory, and won several fellowships and awards during her graduate studies, including a prestigious dissertation fellowship from the Institute for the Study of World Politics, and the Hewlett Fellowship at the Carter Presidential Center in 1993. Her articles have appeared in the Journal of Strategic Studies and the Cold War International History Project Bulletin, and she has authored book chapters for the World Political Forum, the Cambridge History of the Cold War, and other volumes. Her online publications include major documentary postings on the Reagan-Gorbachev-Bush summits, on the Moscow Helsinki Group, on Charter 77 in Czechoslovakia, on the Soviet war in Afghanistan, and on the Soviet-era leader of glasnost, Alexander Yakovlev.



Dr. Robert A. Wampler

Dr. Robert A. Wampler



Dr. Robert A. Wampler, Senior Fellow, has been at the Archive since 1993. He currently directs the Archive's projects on Environmental Diplomacy and Tibet. Prior to these activities, he directed projects on U.S.-Japan and U.S.-Korean relations. These undertakings provided the basis for five document sets: Japan and the United States, 1960-1976;  Japan and the United States, 1977-1990;  Japan and the United States:Part III, 1961-2000The United States and the Two Koreas, 1969-2000, and  The United States and the Two Koreas, 1969-2010 (forthcoming). He organized a series of international conferences for research fellows working with the Japan and Korea projects, whose work provided the basis for two collections of studies edited by Dr. Wampler:  Partnership: the United States and Japan, 1951-2001, co-edited with Akira Iriye (Kodansha International, 2001), and Trilateralism and Beyond: Great Power Politics and the Korean Security Dilemma During the Cold War and After (Kent State University Press, 2012).

Dr. Wampler's work at the Archive has also included biological warfare, nuclear history, NATO military planning and the diplomacy of Henry Kissinger. He was a founding member of the Department of Defense Historical Records Declassification Advisory Panel, created during the Clinton administration to advise the Pentagon on policies regarding the declassification of historically significant records, and he has testified before the Public Interest Declassification Board regarding priorities for U.S. declassification efforts. Prior to coming to the Archive, he taught at the University of Maryland and was Director of the Nuclear History Program's Project on Nuclear Weapons and Alliance Cohesion.  In the latter connection, he organized oral history sessions on the Eisenhower administration and NATO strategy, and helped to develop the Nuclear History Program's primary documents database. Dr. Wampler received his undergraduate training at King College, obtained a Master's in History from Wake Forest University and earned his Ph.D. in History from Harvard University, where he worked with Ernest R. May, in 1991.



RESEARCH FELLOWS

Barbara Elias

Dr. Barbara Elias



Barbara Elias is director of the Afghanistan, Pakistan and Taliban project. An assistant professor at Bowdoin College specializing in international relations and security studies, she received a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Pennsylvania, and a B.A. with honors from Brown University. In addition to interests in national security, Afghanistan and counterinsurgency warfare, having served as the National Security Archive's FOIA Coordinator from 2003-2006 Barbara also remains interested in issues of government transparency and access to information.



Dr. Brad Simpson

Dr. Brad Simpson



Dr. Brad Simpson is a Research Fellow and director of the Archive's Indonesia and East Timor documentation project. He is currently an Associate Professor of History at the University of Connecticut and the author of Economists with Guns: Authoritarian Development and U.S.-Indonesian Relations, 1960-1968 (2008).

Brad earned his Ph.D. in U.S. history from Northwestern University in 2003, where he studied U.S.-Southeast Asian relations during the 1960s. He is currently writing a book on U.S.-Indonesian relations during the 1950s and 1960s, examining U.S. support for an authoritarian regime in Jakarta.

From 1994 to 1995 he worked as a researcher on the Archive's Guatemala History and Accountability Project.



DIRECTOR OF FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROJECT

Nate Jones

Nate Jones



Nate Jones is the Director of the Freedom of Information Act Project for the National Security Archive. He oversees the thousands of Freedom of Information Act and Mandatory Declassification Review requests and appeals that the Archive submits each year. A two-term member of the Federal FOIA Advisory Committee and board member of the American Society of Access Professionals, he acts as liaison between Archive analysts and agency FOIA offices, and serves as the Archive's FOIA counselor to the public.

He is also editor of the Archive's blog Unredacted where he writes about newly declassified documents and FOIA policy. He has authored the Archive's past eight government-wide FOIA Audits, including "Saving Government Email an Open Question."

He earned his MA in Cold War History from The George Washington University, where he used FOIA to write his thesis on the 1983 Able Archer nuclear war scare. He has also produced The Able Archer 83 Sourcebook, the comprehensive declassified collection of documents on the 1983 nuclear war scare. His book Able Archer 83:The Secret History of the NATO Exercise That Almost Triggered Nuclear War examines the intersection of Cold War animosity, nuclear miscalculation, and government secrecy.

He's on twitter as @NSANate

COMMUNICATIONS

Lauren Harper

Lauren Harper



Lauren Harper is the Director of Communications at the National Security Archive. Harper has been with the Archive since 2011, and has co-authored several of the Archive's FOIA audits, including 2015's "Most Agencies Falling Short on Mandate for Online Records," and 2014's "Half of Federal Agencies Still Use Outdated Freedom of Information Regulations." Harper has co-edited or contributed to a number of National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Books, and writes regularly for the Archive's blog, Unredacted, on a wide-range of FOIA and national security issues. She also manages the Archive's social media accounts and coordinates its library outreach.

She holds a Master of Arts degree in Middle Eastern Studies and a Master of Public Policy degree, both from the University of Chicago, and received her Bachelor of Arts from Scripps College



INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Maria L. Martinez

Maria L. Martinez



Maria L. Martinez, Database Manager, joined the Archive in June 2002. She received her undergraduate degree in Information Systems from Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (ESPOL) in Guayaquil, Ecuador. She also earned her MBA at Tecnológico de Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico.



Rinat Bikineyev

Rinat Bikineyev



Rinat Bikineyev, Webmaster, joined the Archive full-time in April 2015, after serving for the past several years as a consultant to the organization. In 2010, he designed, and since then has continuously supported and updated, the "Russian Programs" section of Archive site – a Russian-language resource of essential primary documentation that is often difficult for Russia-based audiences to access. He earned his Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Since 1998, he has lived in the United States.

LIBRARY AND INDEXING

Lisa Thompson

Lisa Thompson



Lisa Thompson, Director of Production, received her undergraduate degree from Arizona State University, a Master of Science in Library Science from The Catholic University of America, and a Master of Fine Arts in Writing and Poetics from Naropa University.



Autumn Kladder

Autumn Kladder



Autumn Kladder joined the Archive as an Indexer in 2006, bringing with her extensive experience providing authority-controlled metadata for declassified government documents. She received her Bachelor's degree in History from Michigan State University and a Master of Science in Information (specializing in Library and Information Sciences) from the University of Michigan School of Information. Her previous experience includes library and electronic information service positions at Michigan, Michigan State, and LexisNexis.



Stacey Chambers

Vickie Jacobs



Vickie Jacobs joined the Archive as an Indexer in 2013. She received her Bachelor's degree in International Studies (focusing on business communication) and a Master of Science in Library and Information Science from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). Her previous experience includes specialized reference service as well as cataloging and acquisitions work for the Slavic collection at UIUC. Her language skills include Spanish, Russian, Italian and Turkish.



ADMINISTRATOR

Sue Bechtel

Sue Bechtel



Sue Bechtel, Administrator, manages the Archive's office and support systems and staffs the Archive's fundraising, marketing and outreach operations. Previously, she worked as the Program Assistant of the Nuclear History Program at the University of Maryland. She did her undergraduate work at Ohio's Wittenberg University and is currently completing a masters' degree in political science at the University of Maryland.



PUBLIC SERVICE COORDINATOR/RESEARCH ASSOCIATE

Dr. Mary Elizabeth Curry

Dr. Mary Elizabeth Curry



Dr. Mary Elizabeth Curry, Public Service Coordinator and Research Associate, assists researchers, students and scholars who come from around the world to use the Archive's collections. She responds to email and telephone inquiries and works closely with analysts and other staff to make the Archive's collections available to the public. Her specialty is U.S. business history and biography; she appeared as J.C. Penney's biographer in the December 1997 A&E Biography TV program "J.C. Penney: Main Street Millionaire." Her book Creating An American Institution: The Merchandising Genius of J.C. Penney, was published by Garland, Inc. in 1993 and in paperback in 1997. She is the author of 19 articles on business and biographical subjects published in The Encyclopedia of New York City (1995), The Encyclopedia of World Biography (1985-1990) and The American National Biography (1999). Before joining the Archive Dr. Curry worked as a private investigator in New York City and Washington, D.C. She received a B.A. in History from Le Moyne College, Syracuse, NY; and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in History from The American University, Washington, D.C.



RESEARCH ASSOCIATES AND ASSISTANTS

Anna Melyakova

Anna Melyakova



Anna Melyakova joined the National Security Archive as a Research Associate in June, 2010, having begun her association with the Archive as an intern. She currently works with Svetlana Savranskaya on Russia-related projects. She served as Editorial Assistant on the award-winning Masterpieces of History: The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Europe, (CEU Press, 2010). In addition, she has co-edited or contributed to several National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Books, translated hundreds of Russian-language documents that have appeared in Archive books and Web postings, and helped organize the Nunn-Lugar Revisited conferences in the U.S. and Kazakhstan. Her current projects include translating and preparing the complete diary of Gorbachev's senior adviser Anatoly S. Chernyaev for publication; assisting with the preparation of a volume on summit meetings between the U.S. and the USSR during the Gorbachev years; and ongoing work on the Nunn-Lugar Revisited conference series. Anna has an M.A. in Area Studies from Georgetown University's Center for Eurasian, Russian, and East European Studies, and a B.A. in Comparative Literature.



Wendy Valdes

Wendy Valdes



Wendy Valdes is Project Coordinator for the Torture Archive, an electronic database of documents related to the detention and interrogation of detainees during the war on terror. In that role, she coordinates the compilation, creation of metadata, and publication of declassified documentation. Wendy joined the Archive in 2008 as a Research Assistant. Among other activities, she interacts with other organizations studying U.S. government terrorism policy, and contributes to the National Security Archive's series of Electronic Briefing Books. Wendy earned a Masters degree in Ethics, Peace, and Global Affairs from American University's School of International Service and a B.A. in History and French from Pacific Union College.

 

Tal Solovey

Tal Solovey



Tal Solovey is a Research Associate in the Russia Program of the National Security Archive. His projects include the ongoing Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction conference series, and managing the vast Russian Archival Documents Database with primary documents dating back more than a century.  Tal graduated Magna Cum Laude from The George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs in May of 2016 with a B.A. in International Affairs and a concentration in Security Policy. His focus was on United States foreign policy, particularly toward the Soviet Union and Russia. His senior thesis on the Soviet-American relationship during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait took a fresh look at the early Russo-American relationship and how it laid the groundwork for today’s strained affairs. Prior to his undergraduate studies, Tal served in the Israel Defense Forces as a reconnaissance scout and combat medic. He is fluent in Russian, Hebrew, and English, and also speaks a little French.

Emily Willard

Emily Willard



Emily Willard is  Project Coordinator Emerita for the Genocide Prevention Project, a partnership with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.  An original member of the project since 2012, her work focused primarily on the international response to the conflicts in Rwanda and Bosnia.  She wrote frequently for the Archive's blog, Unredacted, and contributed to web postings. Previously, she was part of the National Security Archive's Evidence Project and Colombia Documentation Project, and contributed to two major document publications – Colombia and the United States: Political Violence, Narcotics, and Human Rights, 1948-2010, and Mexico-United States Counternarcotics Policy, 1969-2013.  In Fall 2015, Emily began a doctoral program in International Relations at the University of Washington in Seattle, where she is currently working with the university’s Center for Human Rights to build their FOIA program and conducting research on Guatemala and El Salvador. 



FELLOWS

Dr. Hope Harrison

Dr. Hope Harrison



Dr. Hope Harrison is a Research Fellow with the Archive's End of the Cold War Project and Associate Professor of History and International Affairs at George Washington University. She obtained her bachelor's degree from Harvard and her master's and doctorate degrees from Columbia University. Professor Harrison joined GW in 1999 after teaching at Brandeis University and Lafayette College. Her work focuses on the Cold War, East and West Germany, the Soviet Union, the Berlin Wall, and the politics of history. In 2003, Princeton University Press published her book on the building of the Berlin Wall, Driving the Soviets up the Wall: Soviet-East German Relations, 1953-1961. Based on extensive archival research in Moscow and Berlin, the book won the 2004 Marshall Shulman prize of the Association for the Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies (ASEEES) for the "best book on the international affairs of the former Soviet bloc." An updated version of the book was published in German on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the building of the Berlin Wall in 2011 (Ulbrichts Mauer: Wie die SED Moskaus Widerstand gegen den Mauerbau brach) by Propyläen Verlag. Prof. Harrison has published many scholarly articles on the Cold War and the Berlin Wall and is currently working on a book for Cambridge University Press about German historical memory and commemoration of the Berlin Wall – Beyond the Berlin Wall: Memory and the Making of the New Germany, 1989 to the Present. She has held a variety of research fellowships, including at the Norwegian Nobel Institute, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the Davis Center at Harvard University, the American Academy in Berlin, the Free University of Berlin, and a Fulbright Fellowship at the German Federal Foundation for Reappraising the East German Past. In 2000-2001,an International Affairs Fellowship from the Council on Foreign Relations allowed Dr. Harrison to serve as a Director for European and Eurasian Affairs on the staff of the U.S. National Security Council. Her portfolio comprised Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. She has appeared on CNN, C-SPAN, the History Channel, BBC, Deutschlandradio, Spiegel-TV, and elsewhere. Dr. Harrison is on the boards of the Allied Museum in Berlin, the Berlin Wall Memorial, and the Cold War Center in Berlin.



Dr. Christian F. Ostermann

Dr. Christian F. Ostermann



Dr. Christian F. Ostermann is the director of the History and Public Policy Program (Cold War International History Project/North Korea Documentation Project/Nuclear Proliferation History Project) of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a Research Fellow at the National Security Archive. He received his M.A. And Ph.D. in modern and medieval history from the University of Cologne (Germany). He has received scholarships and awards from the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo (1999), the Harry S. Truman Library Institute (1995-1996), the Institute for the Study of World Politics (1995), the German Historical Institutes in London (1994) and Washington (1991-1992), the Gerda-Henkel Foundation for Historical Scholarship in Duesseldorf (1993-1994), the John F. Kennedy Institute for North American Studies at the Free University of Berlin (1992-1993), and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (1974-1991), among others. He is editor of "Uprising in East Germany, 1953," (2001), a National Security Archive Document Reader.



Dr. Vladislav Zubok

Dr. Vladislav Zubok



Dr. Vladislav Zubok is Professor of International History at the London School of Economics and Head of the Russia International Affairs Programme at LSE IDEAS. He was  previously director of the Archive's Russia-related projects. Dr. Zubok, a Russian citizen, previously held a Visiting Fellowship at the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo; he was Visiting Scholar at the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies at the Woodrow Wilson Center, and has taught courses on Soviet politics and international relations at Amherst College, Ohio University, Stanford University, and the University of Michigan. A Ph.D. recipient and former senior research fellow of the Institute for the Study of the USA and Canada (Moscow), Dr. Zubok has written numerous articles on international relations and two of the first six working papers of the Cold War International History Project at the Wilson Center. His book, Inside the Kremlin's Cold War (with Constantin Pleshakov), published in 1996 by the Harvard University Press, won the 1996 Lionel Gelber Prize as the best book of the year in international affairs.



Dr. Avner Cohen

Dr. Avner Cohen



Dr. Avner Cohen is a Professor in the Graduate School of International Policy and Management at theMiddlebury Institute of International studies at Monterey and a Senior Fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) also at the Middlebury Institute. Previously Professor Cohen served as a Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (2009-2010) and held a ten-year affiliation with the Center for International and Security Studies (CISSM) at the University of Maryland. Avner Cohen is a two-time winner of prestigious MacArthur Foundation research and writing awards, in 1990 and 2004, and during 1997-98 and 2007-08, was a Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP). In addition, he was co-director of the Project on Nuclear Arms Control in the Middle East at the Security Studies Program at MIT from 1990 to 1995. Professor Cohen is the co-editor of Nuclear Weapons and the Future of Humanity (1986) and The Institution of Philosophy (1989), and author of The Nuclear Age as Moral History (in Hebrew, 1989). His acclaimed book, Israel and the Bomb, was published in 1998 in English and in 2000 in Hebrew. His latest work, The Worst Kept Secret: Israel's Bargain with the Bomb, was published in 2010 by Columbia University Press.

photo: James Hershberg

James G. Hershberg

Jim Hershberg is Professor of History and International Affairs at The George Washington University.  He has been associated with the National Security Archive since Summer 1987 when he began contributing to the Archive’s coverage of the Iran-Contra hearings, including its 2,000+ page chronology of the affair.  An expert on the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Vietnam War, and other major Cold War crises, he has been a key participant in several Archive projects and conferences over the years.  Before joining the GWU faculty, he was Founding Director of the Cold War International History Project at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.  He continues to edit CWIHP’s book series co-published by the Stanford University and Wilson Center Presses. His first book, James B. Conant: Harvard to Hiroshima and the Making of the Nuclear Age (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1993; Stanford University Press, 1995), received the 1994 Stuart Bernath Prize from the Society for Historians of American Foreign Policy.  His latest book, Marigold: The Lost Chance for Peace in Vietnam (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2012) was singled out by The Washington Post Book World as one of the standout books of the year.  His current focus is on case studies of U.S. communications with Cold War adversaries (Cuba, China, North Vietnam, Iran).  He received an A.B. in American History from Harvard College in 1982; a Master of International Affairs from Columbia University in 1985; and a Ph. D. from Tufts University in 1989.  He taught at Tufts and the California Institute of Technology in 1989-91.

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