30+ Years of Freedom of Information Action

Presidential Orders

Published: Nov 7, 2018

Edited by Michael Martelle and Rosemary Tropeano

For more information, contact:
202-994-7000 or nsarchiv@gwu.edu

A research aid for Executive Branch cyber policy

Presidential Orders

The Cyber Vault has gathered a selection of presidential orders related to communication and cyber policy. They are a complement to other compilations on our site consisting of cyber-related legislation and court orders. The list below is chronological. Many directives remain classified but the Cyber Vault is systematically requesting them under the Freedom of Information Act and will add them to this list as they are made available.

Harry S. Truman, "Communications Intelligence Activities," October 24, 1952. Top Secret.


McGeorge Bundy, National Security Action Memorandum No. 252, “Establishment of the National Communications System," July 11, 1963. Confidential.


Jimmy Carter, Executive Order 12046, "Relating to the Transfer of Telecommunications Functions," March 27, 1978. Unclassified.


Ronald Reagan, Executive Order 12333, "United States Intelligence Activities," December 4, 1981. Unclassified.


Ronald Reagan, Executive Order 12472, "Assignment of National Security and Emergency Preparedness Telecommunications Functions," April 3, 1984. Unclassified.


Ronald Reagan, National Security Decision Directive 145, "National Policy on Telecommunications and Automated Information Systems Security," September 17, 1984. Confidential.


George H.W. Bush, National Security Directive 42, "National Policy for the Security of National Security Telecommunications and Information Systems," July 5, 1990. Confidential.


The White House, Executive Order 13010, "Critical Infrastructure Protection," July 15, 1996. Unclassified.


William J. Clinton, Executive Order 13035, "Advisory Committee on High-Performance Computing and Communications, Information Technology, and the Next Generation Internet," February 14, 1997. Unclassified.


William J. Clinton, Executive Order 13073, "Year 2000 Conversion," February 2, 1998. Unclassified.


William J. Clinton, Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-63, "Critical Infrastructure Protection," May 22, 1998. For Official Use Only/Unclassified.


George W. Bush, Executive Order 13231, "Critical Infrastructure Protection in the Information Age," October 16, 2001. Unclassified.


George W. Bush, National Security Presidential Directive 54/Homeland Security Presidential Directive 23, "Cybersecurity Policy," January 8, 2008. Top Secret.


The White House, Cyberspace Policy Review, "Assuring a Trusted and Resilient Information and Communications Infrastructure," May 8, 2009. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Executive Order 13587, "Structural Reforms to Improve the Security of Classified Networks and the Responsible Sharing and Safeguarding of Classified Information," October 7, 2011. Unclassified.


Brian McKeon, Executive Secretary, National Security Staff, The White House, Memorandum, "Subject: Papers Deputies Committee Meeting on Executive Order on Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity Practices," September 28, 2012 w/atts: "Discussion Paper for Deputies Committee Meeting on Executive Order on Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity Practices;" "Draft Executive Order on Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity Practices." Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-20, "U.S. Cyber Operations Policy," October 16, 2012. Top Secret.


Barack Obama, Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-21, "Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience," February 12, 2013. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Executive Order, "Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity," February 12, 2013. Unclassified


Barack Obama, Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-28: Signals Intelligence Activities, January 17, 2014. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Executive Order 13691, "Promoting Private Sector Cybersecurity Information Sharing," February 13, 2015. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Presidential Memorandum, "Establishment of the Cyber Threat Intelligence Integration Center," February 25, 2015. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, "Memorandum on Establishing the Director of White House Information Technology and the Executive Committee for Presidential Information Technology," March 19, 2015. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Executive Order 13694, "Blocking the Property of Certain Persons Engaging in Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities," April 1, 2015. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Executive Order 13718, "Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity," February 12, 2016. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-41, "United States Cyber Incident Coordination," July 26, 2016. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, "Annex for Presidential Policy Directive - United States Cyber Incident Coordination," July 26, 2016. Unclassified.


Barack Obama, Executive Order 13757, "Taking Additional Steps to Address the National Emergency With Respect to Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities," December 28, 2016. Unclassified.


Donald Trump, "Message to the Congress on Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled Activities," March 29, 2017. Unclassified.


Donald Trump, Executive Order 13800, "Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure," May 11, 2017. Unclassified.