35+ Years of Freedom of Information Action
DNSA project banner

Digital National Security Archive

Documenting the making of U.S. foreign and national security policy


Login if you are a subscriber

Ask your library to subscribe or request a free trial

Latest Publications


Donald Rumsfeld's Snowflakes, Part I: The Pentagon and U.S. Foreign Policy, 2001-2003

Donald Rumsfeld’s “snowflakes” are a unique resource, coming directly from the Defense Secretary’s desk.  This first tranche provides unprecedented insight into the workings of the Pentagon during the early years of the Bush administration. The collection offers glimpses into Rumsfeld’s day-to-day concerns covering everything from relations with Russia, China, and other nations to DOD’s strategy and conduct in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq to communications with the White House and battles with the Pentagon bureaucracy.

The President's Daily Brief: Nixon, Ford, and the CIA, 1969-1977

The second in our series on the PDBs, this compilation reproduces the CIA’s highest-level briefings for both the Nixon and Ford presidencies.  Covering a critical period in the Cold War, it provides insights into détente with the Soviet Union, the breakthrough with China, the Arab-Israel conflict, and other world-changing events of the day.

Hostage crisis

U.S. Policy toward Iran: From the Revolution to the Nuclear Accord, 1978-2015

Published in December 2019 during the 40th anniversary year of the overthrow of the U.S.-backed Shah of Iran and onset of the hostage crisis in 1979, this collection traces all facets of a highly unusual global relationship from its darkest periods to the landmark signing of the controversial nuclear accord in 2015.  


Upcoming Collection in 2021


Donald Rumsfeld's Snowflakes, Part II: The Pentagon and U.S. Foreign Policy, 2004-2006

The product of a National Security Archive Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit, this collection is the second of a two-part series that will publish every existing “snowflake” memo Donald Rumsfeld circulated during his tenure as Secretary of Defense to President George W. Bush – over 59,000 pages in all.  (Part I appeared in late 2020, Part 2 will follow later in 2021.)  These unvarnished internal memos offer an extraordinary schematic of U.S. defense and national security policy from a tumultuous period, as well as insights into one of the Bush administration’s more memorable characters.


For publication in 2021-2023


  • Targeting Iraq, Part II: Occupation, Surge, and ISIS, 2004-2017
  • MKUltra: CIA Mind Control Experiments, 1953-1973
  • Environmental Diplomacy: U.S. Policy and Climate Change, 1981-2017
  • CIA Covert Operations, Part IV: From Truman to Eisenhower, 1945-1961
  • The Afghanistan War and the United States, 1998-2017