President Eisenhower and Prime Minister Macmillan at the White House 25 October 1957, the day after they discussed exchanges of nuclear weapons information. From left to right: seated--Macmillan, Eisenhower, and NATO Secretary-General Paul Henri Spaak; standing—British Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. Spaak visited Washington for discussions of the broader NATO response to the Soviet Sputnik challenge. (National Park Service photo 72-2481-2 in collections at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library and Museum).
Prime Minister Macmillan was determined to “stay in the nuclear club”
U.S. officials (correctly) believed British wanted independent capability to strike Soviets
if Washington did not come to their aid
Dean Rusk saw danger of U.K. tending to “move in on our independence”