Human Rights and Genocide
Sep 24, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Washington, D.C., September 24, 2013 – On September 20, a Guatemalan tribunal convicted the former director of the National Police of Guatemala, retired Col. Hйctor Bol de la Cruz, and his subordinate Jorge Alberto Gуmez Lуpez for the 1984 disappearance of student and labor leader Edgar Fernando Garcнa. The verdict broke new ground in the case of Fernando Garcнa's abduction and presumed murder, by condemning senior police officials for their role in ordering, overseeing, and then concealing the crime.
Sep 11, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Washington, D.C., September 11, 2013 – Henry Kissinger urged President Richard Nixon to overthrow the democratically elected Allende government in Chile because his "'model' effect can be insidious," according to documents posted today by the National Security Archive. The coup against Allende occurred on this date 40 years ago. The posted records spotlight Kissinger's role as the principal policy architect of U.S. efforts to oust the Chilean leader, and assist in the consolidation of the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile.
May 23, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Related Links The Final Battle: Ríos Montt's Counterinsurgency Campaign May 9, 2013 Indicted for Genocide: Guatemala's Efraín Ríos Montt March 19, 2013 OPERATION CONDOR ON TRIAL: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS ON LATIN AMERICAN RENDITION AND ASSASSINATION PROGRAM OPEN IN BUENOS AIRES March 8, 2013 Lifting the Veil on Colombia's "Emerald Czar" December 21, 2012 STOLEN BABIES: Argentina Convicts Two Military Dictators July 5, 2012 Update: The Guatemalan Death Squad Diary and the Right to Truth May 3, 2012 Who Killed Jaime Garzón? September 29, 2011
May 9, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
After weeks of powerful testimony and excruciating procedural wrangling, the trial of former Guatemalan dictator Efraнn Rнos Montt and his intelligence chief Josй Rodrнguez Sбnchez on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity is coming to an end. With Judge Yazmin Barrios's request for closing arguments yesterday, the government's lead prosecutor, Orlando Lуpez, gave more than two hours of summation based heavily on the Guatemalan military plans, manuals, and operational records entered as evidence.
Freedom of Information Follies: FOIA Reviewers Declassify Same Rwanda Document Four Times, Creating New Secrets Each TimeApr 3, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Washington, D.C., April 3, 2013 – The U.S. government's Freedom of Information Act reviewers produced four different versions of the same State Department document over a 12-year period, releasing different information each time, according to the National Security Archive's posting today of the documents obtained by author and journalist Michael Dobbs.
Mar 28, 2013 | News br>
Washington, DC, March 28, 2013 – A radio program on the Dos Erres massacre in Guatemala in 1982, which featured National Security Archive senior analyst Kate Doyle, won a prestigious George Foster Peabody Award yesterday. The program originally aired on May 25, 2012, as part of "This American Life" from WBEZ, and was a collaboration with Pro Publica and Fundacion MEPI.
Mar 19, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Washington, D.C., March 19, 2013 – The groundbreaking genocide trial of Efraнn Rнos Montt, retired army general and former dictator of Guatemala, opens today with the presentation of the prosecution's first witnesses. The trial will take place despite repeated efforts by defense lawyers to halt the proceedings with legal appeals and a bid for amnesty. On March 12, the Constitutional Court rejected the amnesty request once and for all, clearing the way for the trial to begin.
Operation Condor on Trial: Legal Proceedings on Latin America Rendition and Assassination Program Open in Buenos AiresMar 8, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Related Links Una justicia que trasciende las fronteras Por Alejandra Dandan, March, 6 2013 STOLEN BABIES: Argentina Convicts Two Military Dictators July 5, 2012 Kissinger Blocked Demarche on International Assassinations to Condor States April 10, 2010 Southern Cone Rendition Program: Peru's Participation February 22, 2008 RENDITION IN THE SOUTHERN CONE: OPERATION CONDOR DOCUMENTS REVEALED FROM PARAGUAYAN "ARCHIVE OF TERROR" December 21, 2007
U.S. Officials Hoped Chinese Liberalization Program for Tibet in Early 1980s Would Bring Significant ImprovementsFeb 28, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Washington, D.C., February 28, 2013 – U.S. officials had hopes thirty years ago that a political liberalization and economic reform program China had initiated in Tibet could lead to real improvements in that country, according to declassified documents posted today by the National Security Archive.
Feb 22, 2013 | Briefing Book br>
Washington, D.C., February 22, 2013 – Chilean ruler General Augusto Pinochet intended to use violence to annul the October 1988 plebiscite that ended his lengthy military dictatorship, according to declassified documents posted today by the National Security Archive in order to fill in the historical gaps of the Oscar-nominated film, "NO." With the Oscars approaching on February 24, the Archive posting includes formerly top secret records that provide new details about the history of the "Campaign of the NO" in Chile–the dynamic political movement that eventually led to Pinochet's loss of t